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Daphne C. Watkins

Director of Joint Doctoral Program, Associate Professor of Social Work, School of Social Work, Faculty Associate, Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research

Daphne C. Watkins is the director of the Joint PhD Program in Social Work and Social Science. She studies gender disparities and mental health over the adult life course using mixed methods research approaches.

To date, her research has focused on understanding the social determinants of health that explain within group differences among black men; developing evidence-based strategies to improve the physical and mental health of black men; and increasing knowledge about the intersection of culture, ethnicity, age, and gender.

Prior to joining the School of Social Work, Professor Watkins completed a NIMH-funded postdoctoral fellowship at the Institute for Social Research and a NIH career development award in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, both at the University of Michigan.

Research Interests/Focus

Gender disparities, mood disorders, health education, behavioral interventions,masculinity, men's mental health, mixed-methods research

Curriculum Vitae

Continuing Education Programs

Associate Professor of Social Work
School of Social Work


Year Degree   School
2006 PhD Health Education Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
2002 BA Anthropology & French University of North Carolina, Wilmington


Watkins, D. C. & Hawkins, J. (in press). Qualitative evidence in health promotion. In K. Olson, R. Young, & I. Z. Schultz (Eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice. New York, NY: Springer.

Watkins, D. C. (2017). Rapid and rigorous qualitative data analysis: The RADaR technique for applied research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 16(1).

Guetterman, T. C., Creswell, J. W., Wittink, M., Barg, F. K., Castro, F. G., Dahlberg, B., Watkins, D. C., Deutsch, C., & Gallo, J. J. (2017). Development of a self-rated mixed methods skills Assessment: The NIH mixed methods research training program for the Health Sciences. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Sciences, 37(2), 76-82.

Hawkins, J., Watkins, D. C., Kieffer, E., Spencer, M., Nicklett, E. J., Piatt, G., Espitia, N. R., Lebron, A., & Palmisano, G. (2017). An exploratory study of the impact of gender on health behavior among African American and Latino men with Type 2 Diabetes. American Journal of Men's Health, 11(2), 344-356.

Werner, N. E., Stanislawski, B., Marx, K., Watkins, D. C., Kobayashi, M., Kales, H. C., & Gitlin, L. N. (2017). Getting what they need when they need it: Identifying barriers to information needs of family caregivers to manage dementia-related behavioral symptoms. Applied Clinical Informatics, 8, 191-205.

Kales, H. C., Gitlin, L. N., Stanislawski, B., Marx, K., Turnwald, M., Watkins, D. C., & Lyketsos, C. G. (2017). WeCareAdvisor™: The development of a caregiver-focused, web-based program to assess and manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders: An International Journal.

Wharton, T., Watkins, D. C., Mitchell, J. A., & Kales, H. C. (2017). Older, church-going African-Americans’ attitudes and expectations about formal depression care. Research on Aging.

Barry, A. E., Jackson, Z., Watkins, D. C., Goodwill, J. R., & Hunte, H. E. (2017). Alcohol use and mental health conditions among black college males: Do those attending postsecondary minority institutions fare better than those at primarily white institutions? American Journal of Men’s Health, 11(4), 962-968.

Watkins, D. C., Allen, J. O., Goodwill, J. R., & Noel, B. (2017). Strengths and weaknesses of the young black men, masculinities, and mental health (YBMen) Facebook Project. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 87(4), 392-401.

Gerlach, L., Kavanagh, J., Watkins, D., Chiang, C., Kim, H., & Kales, H. (2017). With a little help from my friends?: Racial and gender differences in the role of social support in later-life depression medication adherence. International Psychogeriatrics, 1-9.

Redmond, M. L., Watkins, D. C., Broman, C., Abelson, J. M., & Neighbors, H. W. (2017). Ethnic and gender differences in help seeking for substance disorders among Black Americans. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 4(2), 308-316.

Akinyemi, E., Watkins, D. C., Kavanagh, J., Johnson-­‐Lawrence, V. D., Lynn, S., & Kales, H. C. (2017). A qualitative comparison of DSM depression criteria to language used by older church-going African Americans. Aging and Mental Health, 14, 1-7.

Thompson, T. L., Watkins, D. C., & Johnson-Lawrence, V. D. (2016). Masculinity, socioeconomic status, and self-rated health among African American men. Spectrum: A Journal on Black Men, 4(2), 61-81.

Jäggi, L. J., Mezuk, B., Watkins, D. C., & Jackson, J. S. (2016). The relationship between trauma, arrest and incarceration history among black Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life. Society and Mental Health, 6(3), 187-206.

Jefferson, O., Watkins, D., & Mitchell, J. (2016). The retrospective roles of black women in the coddling of black boys. Journal of Cultural and Ethnic Diversity in Social Work, 25(3), 173-192.

Hawkins, J., Watkins, D. C., Bonner, T., & Thompson, T. L. (2016). Racial/ethnic differences in predictors of mental health treatment in person with comorbid diabetes and depression. Social Work and Public Health, 31(6), 511-619.

Cook, S. H., Watkins, D. C., Calebs, B. J., & Wilson, P. A. (2016). Attachment orientation and sexual risk behavior among young gay and bisexual black men. Psychology and Sexuality, 7(3), 177-196.

Mitchell, J., Watkins, D. C., J. & Shires, D., Chapman, R., & Burnett, J. (2015). Clues to the blues: predictors of self-reported mental and emotional health among older African American men. American Journal of Men's Health.

Watkins, D. C., Wharton, T., Mitchell, J. A., Matusko, N., & Kales, H. (2015). Perceptions and receptivity of non-spousal family support: A mixed methods study of psychological distress among older, church-going African American men. Journal of Mixed Methods Research.

Watkins, D. C., Assari, S., & Johnson-Lawence V. D. (2015). Race and ethnic differences in comorbid psychiatric disorders with chronic medical conditions. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 2(3), 385-394.

Hawkins, J., Watkins, D. C., Kieffer, E., Spencer, M., Espitia, N., & Anderson, M. (2015). Psychosocial factors that influence health care use and self-management for African American and Latino men with type 2 diabetes: An exploratory study. Journal of Men's Studies, 23(2), 161-176. Sage Publications.

Watkins, D. C., & Gioia, D. (2015). Mixed methods research. Pocket Guides to Social Work Research Methods Series. Oxford University Press.

Thompson, T., Mitchell, J., Johnson-Lawrence, V., Watkins, D. & Modlin, C. (2015). Self-rated health and health care access associated with African American men's health self-efficacy. American Journal of Men's Health.

Watkins, D. C., Hawkins, J., & Mitchell, J. A. (2015). The discipline's escalating whisper: Social work and black men's mental health. Research on Social Work Practice, 25(2), 240-250.

Piette, J. D., Valenstein, M., Eisenberg, D., Fetters, M. D., Sen, A., Saunders, D., Watkins, D., & Aikens, J. E. (2015). Rationale and methods of a trial to evaluate a depression telemonitoring program that includes a patient-selected support person. Journal of Clinical Trials, 5(1), 1-8.

Assari, S., Watkins, D. C., & Caldwell, C. H. (2015). Race attribution modifies the association between daily discrimination and major depressive disorder among blacks: The role of gender and ethnicity. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.

Hawkins, J., Watkins, D. C., Kieffer, E., Spenscer, M., Espitia, N., Sinco, B., & Anderson, M. (2015). Structural and psychosocial factors that influence health care use and self-management for African American and Latino men with type 2 diabetes: An exploratory study. Journal of Men's Studies, 23(2), 161-176.

Assari, S., WAtkins, D. C., & Caldwell, C. H. (2015). Multiplicative effects of discrimination and race attribution on depression among blacks: The role of gender and ethnicity. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.

Mitchell, J., Shires, D., Thompson, H., Watkins, D. C., & Modlin, C. (2014). Disparities in health-related internet use among African American Men, 2010. Preventing Chronic Disease, 11, E43-48.

Watkins, D. C. (2014). [Review of the book Publish and prosper: A strategy guide for students and researchers, by N. M. Lambert]. Research on Social Work Practice, 24(4), 503-505.

Watkins, D. C., Abelson, J. M., & Jefferson, S. O. (2013). 'Their depression is something different... it would have to be:' Findings from a qualitative study of black women's perceptions of black men's depression. American Journal of Men's Health, 7(4S), 42-54.

Johnson-Lawrence, V. D., Griffith, D. M., & Watkins, D. C. (2013). The effects of race, ethnicity, and mood/anxiety disorders on the chronic physical health conditions of men from a national sample. American Journal of Men's Health, 7(4S), 58-67.

Watkins, D. C., Pittman, C., & Walsh, M. (2013). The effects of psychological distress, work, and family stressors on child behavior problems. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 44(1), 1-16.

Mitchell, J., Hawkins, J., & Watkins, D. C. (2013). Factors associated with cancer family history communication between African American men and their relatives. Journal of Men's Studies, 21(2), 97-111.

Mitchell, J., Watkins, D. C., & Modlin, C. (2013). Social determinants associated with colorectal cancer screening in an urban community sample of African American men. Journal of Men's Health, 10(1), 14-21.

Waktins, D. C. & Jefferson, S. O. (2013). Recommendations for the use of online social support for African American men. Psychological Services, 10(3), 323-332.

Watkins, D. C. & Griffith, D. M. (2013). Practical solutions to addressing men's health disparities: Guest editorial. International Journal of Men's Health, 12(3), 187-194.

Do, D. P., Watkins, D. C., Heron, M., Hiemeyer, M., & Finch, B. K. (2013). The relationship between height and neighborhood context across racial/ethnic groups: A multi-level analysis of the 1999-2004 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Economics and Human Biology, 11, 30-41.

Griffith, D. M., Gunter, K. E., & Watkins, D. C. (2012). Measuring masculinity in research on men of color: Findings and future directions. American Journal of Public Health, 102, S187-S194.

Watkins, D. C. & Neighbors, H. W. (2012). Social determinants of depression and the black male experience. In H. M. Treadwell, C. Xanthos, & K. B. Holden (Eds.) Social Determinants of Health among African-American Men (39-62). Jossey-Bass.

Hunt, J., Watkins, D. C., & Eisenberg, D. (2012). How do college campuses make decisions about allocating resources for student mental health? Findings from key participant interviews at 10 campuses. Journal of College Student Development, 53(6), 850-856.

Watkins, D. C., Hunt, J., & Eisenberg, D. (2012). Increased demand for mental health services on college campuses: Perspective from administrators. Qualitative Social Work, 11(3), 319-337.

Akinyemi, E., Watkins, D. C., Lynn, S., Kavanagh, J., & Kales, H. C. (2012). Attitudes of church-going older African Americans to depression and depression care. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(3), S121-S157.

Watkins, D. C. (2012). Depression over the adult life course for African American men: Toward a framework for research and practice. American Journal of Men's Health, 6(3), 194-210.

Watkins, D. C., & Hartfield, J. A. (2012). Health education for social workers: A primer. Social Work in Health Care, 51(8), 680-694.

Watkins, D. C. (2012). Qualitative research: The importance of conducting research that doesn't 'count'. Health Promotion Practice, 13(2), 153-158.

Watkins, D. C., Smith, L. C., Kerber, K., Kuebler, J., & Himle, J. (2011). E-mail as a depression self-management tool: A needs assessment to determine patients’ interests and preferences. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 17(7), 378-381.

Watkins, D. C., Hudson, D. L., Caldwell, C. H., Siefert, K., & Jackson, J. S. (2011). Discrimination, mastery, and depressive symptoms among African American men. Research on Social Work Practice, 21(3), 269-277.

Lincoln, K. D., Taylor, R. J., Watkins, D. C., & Chatters, L. (2011). Correlates of psychological distress and major depressive disorder among African American men. Research on Social Work Practice, 21(3), 278-288.

Watkins, D. C., Johnson-Lawrence, V, & Griffith D. M. (2011). Men and their father figures: Exploring racial and ethnic differences across mental health outcomes. Race and Social Problems, 3(3), 197-211.

Wallace, P. M., Watkins, D. C., & Dixon-Terry, E. (2010). Be it resolved: Writing resolutions to influence health policy. Health Promotion Practice, 11(1), 9-12.

Watkins, D. C., Walker, R. L., & Griffith, D. M. (2010). Meta-study of black male mental health and well-being. Journal of Black Psychology, 36(3), 303-330.

Perron, B., Alexander-Eitzman, B., Watkins, D., Taylor, R., Neighbors, H. W., & Jackson, J. S. (2009). Ethnic differences in delays to treatment for substance use disorders: African Americans, Black Caribbeans and Non-Hispanic Whites. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 41(4), 369-377.

Watkins, D. C., & Johnson, T. R. B. (2008). The gender specification and cultural sensitivity of depression research with Black Americans: A multidimensional model. Journal of Women's Health, 17(8), 1230-1231.

Samuel-Hodge, C., Watkins, D. C., Rowell, K. L., & Hooten, E. (2008). Coping styles, well-being, and self-care behaviors among African-Americans with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educator, 34(3), 501-510.

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